Autism Spectrum and Asperger’s

What is Neurofeedback for Autism?

Neurofeedback for autism is a non-invasive, drug-free complementary therapy.  It is safe, evidence-based and .

Autism comprises a spectrum of intensity regarding: 

    –  deficit in social communication and interaction; and 

    –  repetitive, restricted behaviour

 

Autism deficit in communication and social interaction before treatment with neurofeedback
Repetitive restrictive behaviour in autism illustrated with ordering of things or toys before treatment with neurofeedback

– Within autism, functionality ranges are extreme in this spectrum disorder, which includes Asperger’s Syndrome.  It ranges from high functionality / low support to low functionality / high support

High functioning autism or Asperger's with low support such as Bobby Fischer
Low functioning autism with high support

– The autism spectrum comprises various combinations of disfunction at emotional, interpersonal and physical functioning level

Spectrum of emotional functionality in the autism spectrum including self-regulation, anger, anxiety, depression, rage, violence, sleep, trauma and focus, which can be addressed with neurofeedback
Spectrum of interpersonal functionality in autism spectrum disorder comprising verbal, social and situational awareness, social rules, boundaries and self / other differentiation, which can be addressed with neurofeedback training
Spectrum of physical functionality in autism spectrum disorder comprising sleep, motor skills, body awareness, restricted focus and repetitive behaviour, sensory processing and hypersensitivity, which can be addressed with neurofeedback training

 – Accelerated brain volume growth led by an expansion of the cortical surface before the age of two gives rise to atypical grey / white matter connections in autistic brains.  On average, ASD is diagnosed by age four, though higher functioning ASD (Asperger’s) is often diagnosed much later.

Abnormal Brain Growth in Autism due to cortical surface expanding quicker with same cortical thickness and its relation to neurofeedback
Altered functional connectivity in autism due to atypical grey / white matter connections before treatment with neurofeedback

– Every autistic brain is different and a qEEG brain map can reveal specific vulnerabilities, strengths and challenges which we can train with Personalised Brain Training neurofeedback

qEEG recording of brain waves is analysed to generate a brain map in form of a Kaiser Neuromap
Neurofeedback Training calms the mind and restores functionality and functional connectivity through personalised brain training in autism

 – Neurofeedback training is safe and non-invasive.  We provide the brain with real-time information about its own activity by rewarding certain behaviour and inhibiting other. 

Sensors measure brain activity and are only for recording, nothing is transmitted into the brain.  The feedback is purely auditory and visual while watching a movie, as brain activity is analysed in real-time and feedback is delivered through subtle (NOT stop-start, INSTEAD minimal and fluid) sound / volume moderation and picture sizing. 

The preconscious brain uses this information to correct its behaviour and there is no direct stimulation.

neurofeedback is only visual and auditory feedback and no direct brain stimulation
Neurofeedback training is safe and non-invasive shown in a picture using Othmer Method

 – Neurofeedback training for autism is safe, evidence-based and effective

Research shows improvements in cognitive flexibility, facial recognition, social function, sensorimotor behaviour and overall calming.

Neurofeedback for autism is evidence-based treatment as shown in PubMed peer-reviewed articles
Neurofeedback for autism is effective, research shows improvements in cognitive flexibility, facial recognition, social function, sensorimotor behaviour and overall calming

– With Kaiser Neuromap qEEG brain maps, we can identify vulnerability to character traits.  Every autistic brain is different and individual.  A brain map serves as basis for Personalised Brain Training

Kaiser Neuromap brain maps show character traits for neurofeedback
Every autistic brain is different and individual and a qEEG brain map using Kaiser Neuromap is the basis for Personalised Brain Training neurofeedback

 – The ability to order and interpret emotions and develop awareness of body and space around it can become compromised, requiring particular educational attention and care 

 – Learning and development trajectories are critically shaped by effective therapy and an accommodating environment 

 – Neurofeedback provides personalised brain training aimed at restoring emotional and physical self-regulation, repetitive and restricted behaviour, focus and attention, self/other differentiation, ability to monitor consequences of actions

 – Neurofeedback training is safe, effective, non-invasive and drug-free

Daniel Webster has extensive experience in working with Autism Spectrum Disorder.  Phone +44 (0)7966 699430 or daniel@neurofeedback.io for more information on Neurofeedback for Autism

Neurofeedback is a form of complementary therapy and should not be seen as a replacement for conventional medicine.  qEEG brain map-based neurofeedback training takes a more holistic approach to brain functioning, rather than just focusing on medical symptoms.  It is not intended as a form of diagnosis nor medical intervention nor medical advice per the disclaimer.

Brain Maps and Personalised Brain Training

Personalised Brain Training is a neurofeedback training method devised by founders of the field, Barry Sterman and David Kaiser.  

 

Every Brain is individual and different, therefore Personalised Brain Training neurofeedback

We take a holistic approach to healthy brain self-regulation, rather than categorisation or diagnosis.  In our view, and experience, symptoms resolve when our system is balanced.

Neurofeedback Training calms the mind and restores functionality

A brain map is an analysis of brain wave behaviour as measured by a qEEG recording.  We record 20 minutes of the brain activities with a 19-sensor qEEG recorder.  There is no stimulation, and contact between the sensors and the head is via an easily removable gel applied to specific points.  From this recording, we can generate a brain map using Kaiser Neuromap software.  

qEEG recording of brain waves is analysed to generate a brain map in form of a Kaiser Neuromap

The functional connectivity between various brain areas allows us to see vulnerabilities to character traits or behaviour patterns.  

Kaiser Neuromap brain maps show character traits for neurofeedback

Neurofeedback training is a process where we give the brain feedback about its own activity at a particular cortical site in real time, via visual, auditory or tactile means.  There is no direct stimulus to the brain and the sensors attached are for measurement of cortical EEG, or tiny electrical currents detectable on the surface of our head.  This signal is then amplified and analysed by software in real-time, and this information is used to provide feedback to our brain.  

Neurofeedback process illustrated by electrode measurement analysed and transformed into feedback via a movie in visual and auditory form for the preconscious mind to process and adapt its behaviour to in a learning process.

 We use a movie of choice as the feedback mechanism – our conscious mind engages with the film, and feedback is delivered by small changes in volume or picture size.  Our pre-conscious mind adapts its behaviour to preserve the more comfortable volume and picture size, and learning occurs.

Neurofeedback helps restore functional connectivity in key neural networks

Neurofeedback training is safe, effective and non-invasive. 

Neurofeedback training is safe and non-invasive shown in a picture using Othmer Method

Neurofeedback is evidence-based. 

Neurofeedback is evidence based therapy with a wealth of over 3,500 peer-reviewed research reports per PubMed neurofeedback

 

Guided by a Kaiser Neuromap, our neurofeedback training targets specific brain areas, neural hubs and networksThis improves integration of the  brain area we are training, as well as its network and sub-cortical connections.

Developed by a founder of the field of neurofeedback, and with a wealth of over 3,000 brain maps and thirty years’ of experience, Personalised Brain Training uses advanced neurofeedback protocols.

qEEG-brainmap takes under an hour to obtain and is a non-invasive process.  A nineteen-sensor cap is comfortably fitted and we record about twenty minutes of brain activity.  Using specialised software, we obtain a visual analysis which we will communicate verbally.  This also forms the basis of our training plan.  Note that we do not provide diagnosis.

qEEG brain map for personalised brain training in neurofeedback

This brain map approach is unique in that it analyses the connectivity of a functional brain area, rather than simply geographic areas of the brain.  

Connectivity is a measure of regional integration of specific brain areas with other areas and key networks.  This is a relative measure – to be meaningful, it has to be referenced to a baseline.  Rather than use an average as a reference, we compare results to a set of hand-picked individuals who are both high-performing professionals and well-balanced individuals.  Our ability to engage with others, form friends and alliances, and make consensual decisions is deemed as important for success as professional specialisation and technical performance.

functional brain area, as first delineated by Korbinian Brodmann in 1909, was first defined by variations in the number of layers in its grey matter.  This difference in physical property still holds as a valid way to separate brain regions, and each has its own function while being connected to other areas of the cortex via white matter, as well as to the brainstem, in particular, the thalamus.  With a brain map, we gain insights into both cortical integration (how well the area connects with its surrounding areas), as well as its thalamo-cortical integration. 

Neurofeedback training relies on real-time EEG measurement, analysis and translation into feedback

Neurofeedback Training Sessions

Personalised Brain Training aims to optimise the cortical connectivity, as well as promoting improved thalamo-cortical connection.  Neuroplasticity, the ability of neural networks in the brain to make new connections, is an essential and continuous process that underpins our ability to learn.  With brain training, we can promote this process.  

Protocols are generally around 30-45 minutes per brain area that we train; as such, training sessions are ideally around 90-120 minutes.  This corresponds to the average length of a movie.  This is also the length of our ultradian rhythms – attention cycles that govern our day, letting us perform at more than 100% at peak, and less than this at trough – think of the lull we experience around lunchtime.  By training the brain throughout a complete cycle, we are more likely to provide the brain with a challenge at different points in its attention cycle for a more comprehensive training. 

The primary feedback mechanism in Personalised Brain Training is auditory, that is, a subtle change in volume.  The brain recognises this, preconsciously, while our conscious mind is focused on the movie, and corrects its behaviour to preserve the continuity of the watching (or listening) experience.  A secondary, visual feedback mechanism can be activated, whereby the picture size changes too, though this is optional in cases of high visual sensitivity (e.g. migraines).   

We can track progress by remapping the brain at intervals, usually after every 20 hours of training.  Ten sessions will give a good indication of responsiveness, which besides subjective feedback we can ascertain with a further remap.  With neurofeedback training, we are showing the brain a more efficient state during a session.  Upon repetition, the brain learns to adopt this new state.  The person has to then implement this new learning in their life.  Internal changes have to be externalised.  Training success depends on this ability thus results can vary.  

Neurofeedback training begins with two to three sessions per week and the frequency of training can then be adjusted to need and symptom improvements.  Intensive courses involving two or more sessions per day can also be accommodated.

Contact Daniel on +44 (0)7966 699430 or daniel@neurofeedback.io to arrange sessions.

The Process

Brain Map

We record qEEG brain activity for about 15-20 minutes.  This process takes about 30-45 minutes overall and we discuss results a few days later via call or in person.  This provides the basis for the Personalised Brain Training Plan. 

Neurofeedback Sessions

 Comfortably watching a movie of choice, we train specific brain areas per our Personalised Brain Training Plan.  Sessions are two hours (shorter if necessary), and ideally we aim to do two or three per week.  Alternatively, intensive courses can accommodate two sessions per day.  Generally, we would look to do 40 hours or 20 sessions.

Contact Daniel on +44 (0)7966 699430 or daniel@neurofeedback.io to arrange sessions.

Does Neurofeedback for Autism work?

Neurofeedback training has been shown to be a safefeasible, and effective therapy approach to Autism Spectrum Disorder across all ages.   Multiple studies confirm improved cognitive flexibility, improved facial recognition, and  better behaviour in every-day life as functional connectivity in the social brain regions improved.  A 9 point improvement in IQ was reported alongside decreased ASD symptoms including attention, anxiety, aprosodias, social functioning, as well as academic and intellectual functioning.   Sensorimotor behaviour (posturography) improved in children.

Neurofeedback training aims to address issues related to Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Asperger’s Syndrome in a Non-Invasive, Drug-Free Way

Neurofeedback training for autism is personalised brain training aiming to improve physical and emotional self-regulation.  The autistic brain has not fully learned to order and interpret emotions, and develop its awareness of body and space around it.  Information is relayed unfiltered, leading to an overload.  With neurofeedback training, we can address both limbic self-regulation, as well as training particular areas of the cortex, as identified with a brain map.  

Neurofeedback London-Brighton uses two methods of neurofeedback: 

 – ILF / The Othmer Method for calming, and 

 – qEEG-guided Personalised Brain Training .

Neurofeedback for Autism – Personalised Brain Training

Personalised Brain Training for autism is based on a qEEG-brain map.  A cap with nineteen sensors is fitted on the participants cortex to achieve a twenty-minute recording (ideally), which is then interpreted using advanced software developed by the founders of the field.  The output – not a diagnostic tool – indicates which brain areas are under- or overcontributing according to a specific metric, and when compared to a database of what are deemed ‘healthy’ brains.  We can then train these brain areas specifically.  This is Personalised Brain Training that can be added to the Othmer Method described above.

Brain areas contributing to the following character attributes can be addressed:

– Repetitive and Restricted Behaviour

– Attention and Focus

– Sense of Self

– Self/Other Differentiation

– Impulsive Aggression and Rage

– Ability to Self-Nurture and Self-Soothe

– Verbal Expression and Comprehension

– Joint Attention / Intention of Eye Gazes

– Monitoring Consequences of Actions

– Anxiety and Emotional Dysregulation

The process is similar to the Othmer Method in that the participant is watching a video of their choice, which captures their conscious attention.  Through visual and auditory feedback, the preconscious brain is shown a more efficient state of operation through operant conditioning.  Repeated training helps the participant to integrate these more efficient behaviour patterns into their life.   Training sessions are ideally longer, though many participants build up to this with time, as more cortical sites are trained during a session.   Training success depends on session feedback, training duration and frequency, and can vary significantly by participant.

Neurofeedback for Autism – The Othmer Method

The Othmer Method can be highly effective in reducing hyperarousal in Autism.  It can be done with as few as three electrodes to accomodate initial acclimatisation to the procedure, and has the ability to change content (e.g. YouTube) easily in session.  This is particularly useful when distractibility is an issue.  Furthermore, the visual inhibits it applies to the feedback,  i.e. the video being watched, can have a focusing effect, thus engaging the participant quickly.

In Autism, the brain has during its first  year of development not fully learned to order and interpret emotions, and develop its awareness of body and space around it.  Information is relayed unfiltered, leading to an overload.  From a neurofeedback perspective, this assessment suffices to implement training protocols:  By calming especially the right side of the brain, many symptoms can be alleviated or improved.  We can further add other right-side sites for training to address emotional reactivity and social interaction.  The Othmer Method of neurofeedback for autism aims to address the following:

 – Physical calming – improving body and spatial awareness, including coordination and appetite awareness.  This is generally observable in the first sessions(s).  The participant’s system is in a state of over-arousal, stress, due to an inability to control sensory input.  Once the four sensors have been placed and they are sitting in a comfortable chair fixated on the screen in front of them, we quickly see this stress subside as the training takes effect

 – Emotional calming – related to physical calming but different in that impulsiveness, obsessive thought and worry are targeted, which also reduces anxiety and improves confident interaction with others.  Emotional relating follows and is an incredibly endearing experience.  Having gone from a state of emergency and sensory overload to focusing on the video that’s playing as part of the neurofeedback training, the calming is quickly noticeable.  When this is followed by interaction with the content and questions about characters, we know we’re making progress in a new and encouraging way

 – Reading and expressing emotions – specific parts of the brain responsible for reading and interpreting facial expressions, as well as expressing emotions.  We train these progressively having laid the groundwork of physical and emotional calming.  This equips the participant with more tools to interact with their surroundings, reducing fear and anger inherent in an inability to communicate effectively and understand their environs

 – Physical coordination and learning – specific parts of the brain responsible for reading, writing, calculations, as well as fine motor skills, spatial awareness and sense of time.

 

Daniel Webster has extensive experience working with autism patients of all ages.  Contact Daniel on +44 7966699430 or daniel@neurofeedback.io to arrange sessions. 

Neurofeedback London-Brighton does not provide diagnosis nor medical interventions nor medical advice and is not medically trained.  By engaging in neurotherapy, you confirm that you have sought medical advice and are keeping your relevant medical professional informed of therapy progress.

Neurofeedback is a form of complementary therapy and should not be seen as a replacement for conventional medicine.  qEEG brain map-based neurofeedback training takes a more holistic approach to brain functioning, rather than just focusing on medical symptoms.  It is not intended as a form of diagnosis nor medical intervention nor medical advice per the disclaimer.

What is Autism? What is ASD? What is Asperger's?

The DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for Autism state that the two key symptoms of

 (1) deficit in social communication and interaction; and 

(2) restricted repetitive behavior or actions; must be present in the early developmental period; cause significant functional impairment and are not better explained by intellectual disability.  

Symptoms in the DSM-5 are further exemplified here

Asperger’s Disorder is a form of high-functioning Autism that was subsumed into the definition of Autism Spectrum Disorder in the DSM-5, in turn separated into three levels of severity.  

Research into the condition often segments participants into Low and High Functioning Autism (LFA/HFA) using IQ measures, with 70 as an arbitrary boundary between the two.  Unfortunately, IQ doesn’t necessarily provide the best measure of intellectual capability, especially when that potential is hidden behind behaviour patterns the brain hasn’t overcome yet in its quest for social interaction.  

Nurture, or rather, effective therapy and an accommodating environment can shape verbal, mathematical, creative and physical skills.  The trajectories for personal development thus created can result in tremendous differences of outcomes, including but not limited to, the ability to perform on IQ tests.  Personalised brain training can help children achieve unforeseen potentials.

 

Does Neurofeedback for Autism work?

Neurofeedback training has been shown to be a safefeasible, and effective therapy approach to Autism Spectrum Disorder across all ages.   Multiple studies confirm improved cognitive flexibility, improved facial recognition, and  better behaviour in every-day life as functional connectivity in the social brain regions improved.  A 9 point improvement in IQ was reported alongside decreased ASD symptoms including attention, anxiety, aprosodias, social functioning, as well as academic and intellectual functioning.   Sensorimotor behaviour (posturography) improved in children.

Brain Differences in Autism and the Neurofeedback Approach

There are some detectable brain differences in people with ASD, including structure and connectivity.  These include:

 – Brain volume trajectory:  ASD brain volume growth appears accelerated, particularly in the frontal and temporal lobes, in early children around two to four years of age.  Adults on the other hand appear to show decreased volume or no difference, and it is thought that growth is arrested after around 10-15 years or age.  Led by an accelerated expansion of the cortical surface before the age of two, without concomitant increase in cortical thickness, this expansion of gray matter appears linked to lower maturation of the cortical white matter, giving rise to atypical connections.

 – Specific cortical regions have been suggested as being responsible for the various symptoms exhibited as they relate to language, social attention and behaviours, and repetitive and restricted behaviour, while accepting their heterogeneity

No two brains are are the same, and this holds true for ASD in particular.  A qEEG-brain map can show areas of dysrhythmia that could benefit form training in a personalised approach

 – Enlarged amygdala in autism, specifically a subregion responsive to both salient stimuli and threats.   The amygdala is a key subcortical element of the limbic system with strong links to certain cortical sites.  We can train these cortical sites with neurofeedback.

 – Grey and white matter volumes as well as gyrification in various brain areas are different in autism, including those involved in face and object recognition; intention of others; spacial awareness; internal organisation; language and expression of emotion. 

A brain map can help personalise the neurofeedback training.  With Neurofeedback, we can also train the white matter tracts.  

Neurofeedback Sessions for Autism

Neurofeedback training has been shown to be a safefeasible, and effective therapy approach to Autism Spectrum Disorder across all ages.   Multiple studies confirm improved cognitive flexibility, improved facial recognition, and  better behaviour in every-day life as functional connectivity in the social brain regions improved.  A 9 point improvement in IQ was reported alongside decreased ASD symptoms including attention, anxiety, aprosodias, social functioning, as well as academic and intellectual functioning. 

Neurofeedback for autism most likely involves ongoing training and can substantially improve lives.  Training sessions last about half an hour for ILF / The Othmer Method, and up to two hours (when tolerated) for Default Network Training.  A course of twenty hours usually indicates responsiveness to neurofeedback training.

Once the attention is captured with a video or game, resistance to touch (putting on electrodes) tends to disappear.  It is remarkable how many autistic participants are drawn back into doing more sessions without the often characteristic resistance to new or strange things.  Note however results vary and the first few sessions can involve acclimatising the participant to the process, for the benefit of further sessions where more training time is achieved. 

 

Brain Maps and Personalised Brain Training

Personalised Brain Training is a neurofeedback training method devised by founders of the field, Barry Sterman and David Kaiser.  

 

Every Brain is individual and different, therefore Personalised Brain Training neurofeedback

We take a holistic approach to healthy brain self-regulation, rather than categorisation or diagnosis.  In our view, and experience, symptoms resolve when our system is balanced.

Neurofeedback Training calms the mind and restores functionality

A brain map is an analysis of brain wave behaviour as measured by a qEEG recording.  We record 20 minutes of the brain activities with a 19-sensor qEEG recorder.  There is no stimulation, and contact between the sensors and the head is via an easily removable gel applied to specific points.  From this recording, we can generate a brain map using Kaiser Neuromap software.  

qEEG recording of brain waves is analysed to generate a brain map in form of a Kaiser Neuromap

The functional connectivity between various brain areas allows us to see vulnerabilities to character traits or behaviour patterns.  

Kaiser Neuromap brain maps show character traits for neurofeedback

Neurofeedback training is a process where we give the brain feedback about its own activity at a particular cortical site in real time, via visual, auditory or tactile means.  There is no direct stimulus to the brain and the sensors attached are for measurement of cortical EEG, or tiny electrical currents detectable on the surface of our head.  This signal is then amplified and analysed by software in real-time, and this information is used to provide feedback to our brain.  

Neurofeedback process illustrated by electrode measurement analysed and transformed into feedback via a movie in visual and auditory form for the preconscious mind to process and adapt its behaviour to in a learning process.

 We use a movie of choice as the feedback mechanism – our conscious mind engages with the film, and feedback is delivered by small changes in volume or picture size.  Our pre-conscious mind adapts its behaviour to preserve the more comfortable volume and picture size, and learning occurs.

Neurofeedback helps restore functional connectivity in key neural networks

Neurofeedback training is safe, effective and non-invasive. 

Neurofeedback training is safe and non-invasive shown in a picture using Othmer Method

Neurofeedback is evidence-based. 

Neurofeedback is evidence based therapy with a wealth of over 3,500 peer-reviewed research reports per PubMed neurofeedback

 

Guided by a Kaiser Neuromap, our neurofeedback training targets specific brain areas, neural hubs and networksThis improves integration of the  brain area we are training, as well as its network and sub-cortical connections.

Developed by a founder of the field of neurofeedback, and with a wealth of over 3,000 brain maps and thirty years’ of experience, Personalised Brain Training uses advanced neurofeedback protocols.

qEEG-brainmap takes under an hour to obtain and is a non-invasive process.  A nineteen-sensor cap is comfortably fitted and we record about twenty minutes of brain activity.  Using specialised software, we obtain a visual analysis which we will communicate verbally.  This also forms the basis of our training plan.  Note that we do not provide diagnosis.

qEEG brain map for personalised brain training in neurofeedback

This brain map approach is unique in that it analyses the connectivity of a functional brain area, rather than simply geographic areas of the brain.  

Connectivity is a measure of regional integration of specific brain areas with other areas and key networks.  This is a relative measure – to be meaningful, it has to be referenced to a baseline.  Rather than use an average as a reference, we compare results to a set of hand-picked individuals who are both high-performing professionals and well-balanced individuals.  Our ability to engage with others, form friends and alliances, and make consensual decisions is deemed as important for success as professional specialisation and technical performance.

functional brain area, as first delineated by Korbinian Brodmann in 1909, was first defined by variations in the number of layers in its grey matter.  This difference in physical property still holds as a valid way to separate brain regions, and each has its own function while being connected to other areas of the cortex via white matter, as well as to the brainstem, in particular, the thalamus.  With a brain map, we gain insights into both cortical integration (how well the area connects with its surrounding areas), as well as its thalamo-cortical integration. 

Neurofeedback training relies on real-time EEG measurement, analysis and translation into feedback

Neurofeedback Training Sessions

Personalised Brain Training aims to optimise the cortical connectivity, as well as promoting improved thalamo-cortical connection.  Neuroplasticity, the ability of neural networks in the brain to make new connections, is an essential and continuous process that underpins our ability to learn.  With brain training, we can promote this process.  

Protocols are generally around 30-45 minutes per brain area that we train; as such, training sessions are ideally around 90-120 minutes.  This corresponds to the average length of a movie.  This is also the length of our ultradian rhythms – attention cycles that govern our day, letting us perform at more than 100% at peak, and less than this at trough – think of the lull we experience around lunchtime.  By training the brain throughout a complete cycle, we are more likely to provide the brain with a challenge at different points in its attention cycle for a more comprehensive training. 

The primary feedback mechanism in Personalised Brain Training is auditory, that is, a subtle change in volume.  The brain recognises this, preconsciously, while our conscious mind is focused on the movie, and corrects its behaviour to preserve the continuity of the watching (or listening) experience.  A secondary, visual feedback mechanism can be activated, whereby the picture size changes too, though this is optional in cases of high visual sensitivity (e.g. migraines).   

We can track progress by remapping the brain at intervals, usually after every 20 hours of training.  Ten sessions will give a good indication of responsiveness, which besides subjective feedback we can ascertain with a further remap.  With neurofeedback training, we are showing the brain a more efficient state during a session.  Upon repetition, the brain learns to adopt this new state.  The person has to then implement this new learning in their life.  Internal changes have to be externalised.  Training success depends on this ability thus results can vary.  

Neurofeedback training begins with two to three sessions per week and the frequency of training can then be adjusted to need and symptom improvements.  Intensive courses involving two or more sessions per day can also be accommodated.

Contact Daniel on +44 (0)7966 699430 or daniel@neurofeedback.io to arrange sessions.

The Process

Brain Map

We record qEEG brain activity for about 15-20 minutes.  This process takes about 30-45 minutes overall and we discuss results a few days later via call or in person.  This provides the basis for the Personalised Brain Training Plan. 

Neurofeedback Sessions

 Comfortably watching a movie of choice, we train specific brain areas per our Personalised Brain Training Plan.  Sessions are two hours (shorter if necessary), and ideally we aim to do two or three per week.  Alternatively, intensive courses can accommodate two sessions per day.  Generally, we would look to do 40 hours or 20 sessions.

Contact Daniel on +44 (0)7966 699430 or daniel@neurofeedback.io to arrange sessions.

Autism usually presents with significant comorbidities, both with regard to mental and physical health.  A brain map lets us identify cortical areas that would benefit from training.  As such it takes a more holistic approach, and training can be personalised and targeted.  There are brain areas responsible for fine motor skills and spatial awareness which we can train, as well as sense of time, reading / writing / calculations, and of course verbal skills. 

Physical well-being is particularly topical with autism due to the inherent immune dysregulation.  A number of interventions are discussed in “Cutting-Edge Therapies for Autism”.  A chapter on neurofeedback is written by Siegfried Othmer:

 

Siegfried Othmer talks about the application of Othmer Method Neurofeedback Training in this video.  Having spent most of his life dedicated to developing a means to work on symptoms and improve the lives of countless sufferers of autism, his account is gripping and moving: